Efforts to combat HIV/AIDS should include a focus on prevention, care, education, and access to medication. All are necessary to fight the epidemic. Strategies include national prevention campaigns such as education about safe sex, preventing mother-to-child transmission, teaching how to administer the medication and learning the importance of good food nutrition while taking ARVs.
HIV/AIDS targets people during their most productive years (15-49 years old). The impact of the disease has a wider socioeconomic implication on development in sub-Saharan Africa. An unhealthy workforce affects economic productivity. The family nucleus is also at risk. 14.8 million children have already lost one or both parents to the disease. Giving people access to treatment helps ensure they are healthy enough to take care of themselves, their families and contribute to their communities.